Magnesium Intake Effect on Diabetes
Certain foods and nutrients may be associated with the onset of diabetes. This particular study focuses on the effects of magnesium on the incidence of diabetes, as measured through systemic inflammation and insulin resistance. Magnesium is a mineral that is found in abundance in the body. It is essential for hundreds of biochemical processes, such as maintaining muscle and nerve function, steadying heart rhythm, supporting the immune system, and ensuring bone health (NIH). Prior studies have examined the effects of magnesium supplements on the risk of diabetes, but findings have been inconclusive. Kim and colleagues investigated the relationship between magnesium intake and the incidence of diabetes in a cohort of young American adults participating in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study (Kim et al., 2604). The authors also examined the extent to which magnesium intake was associated with systemic inflammation markers. These included high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), fibrinogen, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR).